Sunday 26 May 2013

The Future of Palestine: The One-State Solution

Statutory Declaration: Nothing I will state in the course of this article is to indicate any recognition of the existence of, or the condoning of the crimes of, the so-called state of “Israel”.

In 1947, the British colony of India was given its independence. This independence was granted, actually, in two pieces, since the colony was carved into two new countries: India, the (nominally) secular centre portion, and the designated Muslim homeland of Pakistan, in two parts to the east and west.

The reason for this bifurcation of the colony was entirely political. The original India had a huge Muslim minority, which was economically and politically very important. Now, this Muslim minority was both a political threat and an opportunity – depending on which side of the political-religious divide one stood.

At that time the politics of India was mostly between the Hindu-dominated, but officially secular, Congress Party and the openly communal Muslim League. The Muslim League chief, Mohammad Ali Jinnah (who incidentally was himself anything but religious) picked up on a proposal for a new Muslim homeland, as a way of securing power for himself. The Congress Party leadership (a group headed by Jawaharlal Nehru, a Hindu who was also anything but religious) was more than happy to get rid of Jinnah and the Muslim League, for that left the Congress in unquestioned domination of the rump India. Therefore, simply for political convenience, the country was cut into two.

To any objective observer, this Partition (as it’s called in the subcontinent) was the single worst disaster in recent history. Just about any problem that the subcontinent faces now can be traced back to the Partition. I’ll just take a moment to explain why.

It’s been said often before that Pakistan was useless to Muslims who already lived in the new nation – there, they were in the absolute majority, and had no fear of Hindu domination. On the other hand – to Muslims in the part of the country that would become India – Pakistan was a disaster. It instantly reduced them from a large and politically empowered minority to a tiny, vulnerable minority, isolated in a Hindu sea. It got much worse soon since educated, economically well-off Muslims who could afford it packed up and left for Pakistan in droves. So the Muslim minority became a poor, largely uneducated Muslim minority, completely vulnerable to the very systemic discrimination Partition had allegedly been meant to avoid.

This process of cross-border migration – Hindus from Pakistan to India, and Muslims in the other direction – was accompanied by massive rioting and bloodletting between the religious groups (with Sikhs joining in on the side of Hindus, riding bicycles down streets in the Indian part of Punjab and beheading Muslims they chased down; in a few decades, Hindus would do the same to Sikhs in Delhi and elsewhere). The Hindus who migrated from Pakistan had lost most or all of their property when they emigrated, and they were consequently deeply embittered against Muslims in general. The Muslims who left India and migrated to Pakistan found themselves regarded as unwelcome carpetbaggers – Mohajirs – who soon faced such discrimination from their Punjabi and Sindhi religious brethren that they ended up in violent rebellion. Meanwhile, the Bunglee Muslim population in East Pakistan found that religion was no guarantee against oppression, with all West Pakistanis – Punjabis, Sindhis, Balochis, Pashtuns, Mohajirs, everyone – ganging up against them. By 1971 they would rebel, and with Indian help break away to form a third nation, Bangladesh.

Then there were the border disputes. The British had, in their infinite wisdom, decided to send a bureaucrat who hated India and wanted to get as far away as possible to draw the border. Not only did this create its own problems, but there was the issue of the “princely states” – nominally independent British protectorates, more than five hundred of which were scattered across the subcontinent. At independence, most were persuaded or coerced to join one of the two countries, but there were disputes over two – Junagadh, where a Muslim ruler over a Hindu population wanted to join Pakistan, and Kashmir, where a Hindu ruler over a Muslim population wanted to remain independent.

This isn’t the place to go into the controversy over Kashmir, but it’s worth noting that within months of independence, the armies of the two new nations were fighting each other over that state, with former comrades – and in some cases relatives – training their guns on each other. To this day, almost seventy years later, Kashmir remains divided, and the two countries both claim it in its entirety. Several violent conflicts – and one full-scale war, in 1965 – have been fought over Kashmir, and Pakistan still trains and sends over armed insurgents to fight a low-intensity terror war in the state against the Indian “occupation”.

These conflicts, of course, didn’t benefit either new country. For one thing, they caused a massive, truly staggering, defence expenditure. Nations which can’t even feed their children enough to stop them from dying of malnutrition have no business spending billions on useless aircraft carriers, nuclear arsenals, and long-range ballistic missiles; they have no right to sacrifice their poor to feed the maw of military forces which by now are so overmuscled that they literally can’t afford to fight open wars because of the damage each side will suffer from the other. And yet, the conflicts have so ingrained themselves in public consciousness on either side that nobody in power can call for a realistic assessment of force levels or cutting of defence expenditure. It does not hurt them either that the defence procurement process is extremely corrupt and kickbacks and slush funds are there to be had.

Remember the embittered Hindus I mentioned, and their Mohajir counterparts? Of course, they gravitated naturally towards right-wing politics. While Jinnah and Nehru were both centrists, the challenge to both – it took longer in India, which is larger and more heterogeneous – would come from the right. The Hindunazi parties in India were energised by the creation of Pakistan, which gave them a focus for their hate. For a very long time they refused to accept the existence of the new country at all; and since they could do nothing about Pakistan, they took it out on the Muslims (already poor and vulnerable) who had stayed back in India. To this day the official and unofficial discrimination against Muslims in India is extreme, and one only has to attend a few minutes of drawing-room conversation in Muddle-Class India to hear talk of how all Muslims are Pakistanis and should be forcibly deported to Pakistan. Those Hindus who have remained in Pakistan are even worse off in many ways.

Corruption, militarism, poverty, anti-minorityism, a fillip to right-wing fascism, and all this can directly trace itself back to the division of the country at independence.

Those of us who have been interested in the question of Palestine are, of course, well aware of the plight of the Palestinian people at the hands of the Zionist Nazi so-called state of “Israel”. The reader will also probably be aware of the two possible solutions to the conundrum of how to solve the problem – assuming anyone ever gets around to solving it.

The first is the two-state solution, with a two-piece Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza, with the Zionist Entity in between. This would leave about 25-30% of the historical Palestine in Arab hands, and the Zionist entity would own the rest.

In this scenario, the first sticking point would be the status of East Jerusalem, which the Palestinians want for their capital, but which the Zionist entity would never give up. Even if a portion of East Jerusalem was handed over to the Palestinian state, there would be resentment at the occupation of the rest of the city. Therefore, that would become a permanent bleeding sore – just like Kashmir.

Then, there would be the question of the settlements. For decades now, the Zionist entity has been blatantly and illegally robbing Palestinian lands by settling immigrants in the occupied West Bank. These settlers are of the extreme right, virtually as far to the right of the “mainstream” Zionists as the Zionists are to the right of normal human society. They are of use to the Zionists in two respects: first, they allow the Zionist state to occupy the West Bank, build an Apartheid Wall to keep out the Palestinians, and maintain an enhanced military expenditure. Secondly, they allow the Zionist entity to export its lunatic fringe right wingers to what are basically frontier settlements, and away from the core homeland. The Zionist entity cannot withdraw these settlements in toto; at the most it might make some tiny, token withdrawals from fringe areas.

If these settlements are not withdrawn back into the Zionist entity, they will remain a permanent knife in the heart of the Palestinian state. They already occupy the best water sources, the best arable land, and sit astride natural communication routes. Leaving them in place would create the exact same border disputes as in the India-Pakistan scenario – with the same long term disastrous consequences. It would also turn the Palestinian state into a Bantustan, with no way to sustain itself economically, with its people entirely dependent on handouts from abroad and remittances from those who migrate to work in the Zionist Entity and to Jordan. In other words, it will be a gigantic labour camp, no more.

Thirdly, the question of the return of the displaced refugees. Unless the reader knows nothing about the subject, he or she will be aware of the “Nakba” – the great Palestinian ethnic cleansing of 1948, where the inhabitants were driven from their lands. Any settlement would require some form of right of return to the displaced people or their descendants, and that’s going to be a sticking point, again. At most, the Zionist entity would allow only a tiny fraction of the displaced Palestinians to return, because if substantial numbers did, they would demographically swamp the Jewish part of the population. Such a nominal return, of course, would only breed resentment among the Palestinian diaspora not allowed to return.

On the other hand, giving the Palestinians a separate state will only embolden the Zionist ultra-right who want the Arabs cleansed from the Holy Land of Eretz Israel. They have a country of their own, these people will argue – why should they be allowed to remain in the homeland, breathing Jewish air? The exact same argument as the Hindunazis use for Muslims, but more easy to put into practice because of the unquestioning support the Zionazis receive from the American Empire.

Fourth is the problem of the divided state of Palestine. Already, the two parts are under two different rulers. HAMAS, an organisation which the Zionist entity helped create earlier, rules Gaza, which is tiny, overcrowded and almost unlivable, with an economy dependent on smuggling across the Sinai border from Egypt. The West Bank is ruled by the corrupt and effete but secular Fatah. There’s absolutely no indication of how these two are supposed to work together in an independent Palestinian entity, when they can’t even get along when their alleged mutual enemy is the Zionazi occupier. As Palestine becomes a poor, quasi-independent basket case, these antagonisms will only grow, and a Bangladesh-style secession of Gaza is not only likely, it’s inevitable.

Just as with HAMAS and Gaza now, an anti-Zionist resistance movement will spring up, either from among the current political forces or from new ones. These will carry out pin-prick attacks with primitive weaponry, like today's Qassam rockets, which will have absolutely no real effect on the Zionist entity. The Zionists, however, will welcome such a resistance with open arms, because it will be the perfect excuse to maintain their militarism and periodic "punitive" mini-wars just as they are now doing in Gaza. The local Palestinian authorities, if they try to crack down on these resistance movements, will precipitate a civil war.

On both sides of the divide, Jewish and Arab children will be taught to hate the others, as they are being taught to do right now. The intensity of hate will be much greater, though, just as with Indian and Pakistani kids - and as with India and Pakistan, anyone calling for rapprochement will be dubbed a traitor (as I have been, many times over).

That's what Palestine is looking at with the two-state solution.

The other is the one-state solution, which would leave the entirety of Palestine under the control of a single nation, whatever you want to call it. This would have the following effects:

First, it would instantly defang the ultra-right on both sides. Just as Muslims in an undivided India would have been a far more secure community, the Palestinians would have an assurance that their numbers would secure for them a place in the sun. They would no longer feel compelled to shelter under the existing political entities. This would reduce and ultimately eliminate the poisonous influence of HAMAS, Islamic Jihad and other Palestinian right-wing organisations. Fatah, too, would have to shape up or ship out. A secure populace is a populace which has no need to tolerate corruption and wrongdoing in its political masters.

It would also have a calamitous effect on the Jewish Right. In fact, the apartheid state of “Israel” could not possibly survive in its current form with a large Palestinian population. Giving the Palestinians equal stake in the future of the nation would instantly expose the myth of “tiny Israel, surrounded by enemies on all sides.”

There would be no conflict over Jerusalem, which could be the capital of the new state with nobody having any trouble over that at all. For the first time in its history, this strangely fought-over town might be at peace.

There’s more. The settlers can simply be left to wither on the vine, since they will no longer be required as frontier guards. The Apartheid Wall, which causes so much Palestinian hardship, will of course come down, to absolutely nobody’s regret except those who benefit from its existence. The Palestinian refugees can return if they wish, since in a joint state they can’t become Mohajirs.

The immense Zionazi defence industry might as well close down, because it won’t be necessary any longer; the right-wing Zionist parties would have their raison d’ĂȘtre crumble instantly. Nor would Arab monarchies be able to continue to pretend to support the Palestinians while hobnobbing with the Zionist regime.

The Anschluss of the Palestinians and Jews would open up a whole new political space, that of cooperation instead of confrontation. This completely unoccupied central space is there, waiting to be taken up by joint Jewish-Muslim political parties, which would seek a joint political vision. Freed of the fear spread by the extremists, both Jews and Arabs would gravitate naturally to these parties. “Israel”, or whatever name the new nation would call itself, could finally become a democracy.

Of course, this would completely destroy the Zionist-centric character of the self-styled Jewish state. This is what brings out the true colours of so-called “peace activists” like Uri Avnery. This Avnery, a Zionist propagandist who deserves an analytical article all to himself, pretends to being an egalitarian and a supporter of left-secular politics and Palestinian rights. Yet when he discusses the only thing that will secure said rights, and the left-secular space in politics – the one-state solution – he declares it to be impossible. Furthermore, he claims two different peoples can never share a country equally. That must come as a surprise to multi-ethnic nations across the world.

I am aware, of course, that my conclusions might be controversial to many Palestinians, who might justly ask why Zionist thieves and occupiers should be rewarded by being granted recognition of the spoils of their crimes. To them I can only say that we live in a world which is far from ideal, and I see no solution which would involve the deportation of the Zionazis. Where would one send them anyway? The Zionist entity was always a scam, meant to get rid of Europe’s “Jewish Problem” by a less extreme route than Hitler-style extermination. Having got rid of the vast majority of their Jews, would the Europeans want them back? Where then would you – where could you - send them? Since there’s no answer to this question, the only solution is sharing and cooperation.

That will be difficult to achieve, but it’s the only way forward. The history of India and Pakistan is proof of what might happen otherwise.

Unite and stand, or fall separately. You have the choice.

Of course, I may be wrong, and independent Palestine and Israel may exist side by side as peaceful neighbours. But consider the situation if I am right.

Suggested Reading:


  1. I read this thinking, "Oh for heavens sake, that would never work". And yet, it may be the only thing that will.

    The USA sends Israel $3 billion a year - have you got a way to bell that particular cat?

  2. just a side thought, (still thinking on your write) ... but remember when the salafists murdered Vittorio Arrigoni, that was Israel's doing. i never put it together till Syria

  3. Right on, Bill. A very, very thought provoking article. While we have always been supporters of the idea of a united, democratic, secular Palestine (ala Edward Said, I believe), we've never made the analogy you so well draw between India-Pakistan and Palestine. A lot of food for thought.

  4. damn this lack of bandwidth - tried to post a comment 4 times sod's law says this will be the one that makes it!!

    1. Well, it made it, didn't it? And since when did you change species?

  5. "Nations which can’t even feed their children enough to stop them from dying of malnutrition have no business spending billions on useless aircraft carriers, nuclear arsenals, and long-range ballistic missiles; they have no right to sacrifice their poor to feed the maw of military forces which by now are so overmuscled that they literally can’t afford to fight open wars because of the damage each side will suffer from the other. And yet, the conflicts have so ingrained themselves in public consciousness on either side that nobody in power can call for a realistic assessment of force levels or cutting of defence expenditure. It does not hurt them either that the defence procurement process is extremely corrupt and kickbacks and slush funds are there to be had."

    this paragraph sticks with me, you could be describing USA or even Italy now that NATO has its hooks in her

    1. The USA *can* feed its children; we choose not to. Nor our elderly, nor our disabled. We have no right to sacrifice our poor to the maw of military forces - and yet we do.

  6. Being from the States, our "Left" and "Right" are consistent in their support of Israel. Therefore, as Chomsky would say, this discussion is not even on the political spectrum of acceptable debate in the West.

    Nevertheless, as some of our "moderates" have come out in support of a two-state solution, it has occurred to me that this is a cop-out at best and actually a horrible idea at worst.

    Where else would this really seem like a good idea?

    As you said about with India and Pakistan, it leads to some horrible choices, and creates a situation where a former domestic problem is now an international problem. If I thought that the international community would be any better at keeping Israel in line with a neighboring state than they are with an internal population, I might think differently. But the UN has NEVER shown any ability to do anything about Israel's crimes.

    I'll read this again.

  7. "The Zionist entity was always a scam, meant to get rid of Europe’s “Jewish Problem” by a less extreme route than Hitler-style extermination."

    Ah, if that's true, what warrants the use of the term "ZioNazi"? If the Jews living in Israel are themselves THERE largely due to the Nazis wanting to get rid of them, how can Israel be a Nazi state?

    1. Interesting claim. Do you imagine that if someone is the victim of racism, that person is henceforth absolved of racism against anyone else?

      The zionist entity is a Nazi state because of its extremely close behavioural parallels with Nazism.

  8. Bill, I think your idea is a good one and worth a try, and HONEST try that is. Stop the total BS that the US of A is an "honest broker" for peace in Palestine/zionist entity. The US of A is NOT anything of the sort. The US government and congress is a totally AIPAC owned entity.
    Your solution at least does offer some real possibility for a true peace among the people who are caught in the terrible mess created by Empire.
    ENOUGH! Enough of the damn fool, useless wars of choice. Enough of the stupid racism that humanity has endured for far, far too long. Give peace a chance people.

  9. even if there were no Quaid-e-Azam or nehru india would have been divided,either on or after 15th august 1947,the first event which lead to the partition of india was the urdu-hindi controversy,1867 in which some rich hindus from benaras demanded that urdu should be replaced by a language(hindi) as urdu is written in the persian script which is very close to the arabic script in which quran is written and because of this it is only the language of muslims which really angered muslim leaders like sir syed.


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